Hip dysplasia
hip-dysplasia

What is it? Hip dysplasia is the most frequent skeletal malformation observed at birth and regards the loss of the correct position of the femoral head (upper part of the long bone of the thigh) inside the acetabular cavity (the “pocket” at the level of pelvis). It is mainly due to a delay of the […]

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Scoliosis
scoliosi

What is it? Scoliosis is a deformity of the vertebral column characterized by a lateral deviation (spine curves to one side) often associated with morphological changes of the vertebrae and of the supporting structures of the spine. It can affect any part of the spine but the most common regions are the chest and the […]

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Flatfoot
piede-piatto

What is the flatfoot? The flat foot is a deformity characterized by a low or completely absent plantar arch. Foot at birth is physiologically flat and around the age of 2-3 plantar arch appears and complete its formation around puberty (12-14 years) How can flatfoot be diagnosed? The diagnosis of the flat foot is performed […]

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Clubfoot
piede torto-clubfoot

What is it? Clubfoot is a congenital malformation of one or both feet consisting of a torsion of the foot around its longitudinal axis. The foot/feet appear rotated inward with their tips downward. What are the causes? The causes of this deformity are unknown and several theories have been developed to explain its pathogenesis (mechanical […]

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Bow-legs / Knock-knees
gambe storte

What are Bow-legs and Knock-knees? Both of them are clinical conditions due to the overall appearance of the lower limbs mostly at the knee level. The presence of a bowing arch at the knee is called genu varum (bow-legs) while in case of knees that touch each other the deformity is called genu valgum (knock-knee). […]

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